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December, 19th, 2003, Phoenix, Arizona, USA : Inmates on Estrella Jail's chain gang in their cell. Estrella Jail is home to the male and America's only female chain gang. Inmates stay in there tiny 8x12 foot cells 23 hours of the day during " lock down," unless they are out on assigned chain gang duty, for which they can volunteer. There is no television or organized recreation provided. Inmates must memorize 10 rules of conduct, addressing grooming, behaviour and attitude. Chain Gang and other privileged duties can be suspended for infractions such as swearing. Sheriff Joe Arpaio has instituted the chain gang as a way of rehabilitating the inmates through hard work, while providing financial restitution to the community. He also has cut costs to taxpayers dramatically by streamlining meals ( no coffee, lowering daily caloric allowance from 3000 to 2500, serving only very basic food) and lodging, ( in addition to the Estrella block and others like it, there is " Tent City, " where inmates are housed in surplus army tents set up out in the desert ). Despite the savings, Maricopa County has incurred legal costs defending Tent City and the chain gangs from critics ( including Amnesty International ) and a law suit following the death of an inmate during a struggle with guards. Joe Arpaio is known as " Americas Toughest Sheriff. "